English Sea-rovers and Explorers
After 1570 the English did not confine them-selves to the northern ocean but explored in waters that Spain claimed as hers alone. English ships, manned by fearless sea-captains ready to do and dare anything for old England and their queen, began to sail in every direction. As soon as it became clear that for carrying on her wars Spain depended largely on the gold and silver coming from the mines of Mexico and Peru, there was a fresh motive for English voyages to the New World. To cut off the supply of these metals bold sea-captains like Drake and Hawkins scoured the sea in search of Spanish vessels. They cruised about the coasts, burning and plundering Spanish fleets and settlements, and this did very great injury to Spain and her colonies in South America and Mexico.