England’s Need of America
There was special need at this time for such an opportunity to relieve the crowded industrial conditions at home. The great demand for wool by Flemish weavers made wool-growing very profitable in England. Therefor, English landowners engaged largely in raising sheep instead of cultivating the soil. The result was that but one man was now required to watch sheep where formerly many had been needed to raise wheat and barely. Large number of men were thrown out of work, and there was great distress among the laboring classes. The closing of the monasteries by Henry VIII., a few decades earlier, had had a similar effect, and the return of soldiers from European wars increased the difficulty. What to do with this large body of the unemployed was a trying problem. America seemed to furnish a solution, and to America men eagerly turned for help in the hour of England’s need.